Salt included in minerals that the body needs to work normally. Also known as iodine chloride, salt charge of maintaining the fluid balance in the body. On food, as well as giving taste, salt also prevents rotting fast food.
During this time we get sodium or iodine from salt, but salt is not the only source of iodine. University of Indonesia nutritionist dr. Elvina Naidoo said seafood such as fish, shellfish, squid and seaweed, as well as eggs, milk, and meat is also a source of iodine.
“But often needs no adequate iodine from food consumption alone. Gynecology very little iodine in the diet to meet the needs of iodine, so the food had to be eaten in large quantities,” said Elvina in Nutritalk titled “Growing Importance of Early Nutrition love for” the held by Sarihusada Tuesday (21/05/2013) in Jakarta.
Compare to consume iodized salt. In small quantities, up Elvina, iodized salt contains more iodine so that more may meet the needs of the body’s iodine.
According to the Food and Drug Administration USA (FDA) recommended iodine intake is no more than 150 micrograms per day. To meet these needs, it takes about one to one and a half tablespoons of iodized salt.
Appropriate doses of iodine to the body is very important, because the lack or excess consumption of iodine can cause thyroid dysfunction. Thyroid dysfunction will cause the body less energy. Even if it would lead to severe brain damage and partial cretinism, which is characterized by cognitive decline.
According to data from the WHO Global Progress Report 2009, 16 per cent of Indonesian children lack iodine. Though iodine is an essential mineral for brain development that support the overall development of the child.
Elvina said, despite the importance of iodized salt, but there are still a lot of salt peasants who did not want to add iodine to their salt production. Production of iodized salt is increasing the length of the production process because there is an additional step that is fortified, the addition of iodine to salt.
“But the fortification process is actually easy and cheap. Approximately only adds to Rp. 5 for every gram of salt,” said Director of Indonesian Micronutrient Initiative (MII) is.
Yet we also need to be careful in taking iodine because now packaged foods generally contain high salt. Excess iodine can lead to hypertension.